AskDefine | Define complaint

Dictionary Definition

complaint

Noun

1 an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining [syn: ailment, ill]
2 (formerly) a loud cry (or repeated cries) of pain or rage or sorrow
3 an expression of grievance or resentment
4 (civil law) the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim for relief is based
5 (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense; "he was arrested on a charge of larceny" [syn: charge]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /kʌmˈpleɪnt/
  • /kVm"pleInt/
    Rhymes: -eɪnt

Etymology

compleynte < compleint, from compleindre.

Noun

  1. :In a civil action, the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim is based;The purpose is to give notice to the adversary of the nature and basis of the claim asserted.
  2. :In Criminal law, the preliminary charge or accusation made by one person against another to the appropriate court or officer, usually a magistrate.However, court proceedings, such as a trial, cannot be instituted until an indictment or information has been handed down against the defendant.
  3. a grievance, problem, difficulty, or concern; the act of complaining
    I have no complaints about the quality of his work, but I don't enjoy his company.
  4. a bodily disorder or disease; the symptom of such a disorder
    Don't come too close, I've got this nasty complaint.

Translations

a grievance, problem, difficulty, or concern; the act of complaining
a bodily disorder or disease; the symptom of such a disorder
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (bìng)
  • Finnish: vaiva
  • German: Beschwerde, Leiden, Krankheit

Extensive Definition

In general use, a complaint is an expression of displeasure, such as poor service at a store, or from a local government, etc. Under common law, a complaint is a formal legal document that sets out the basic facts and legal reasons (see: cause of action) that the filing party (the plaintiffs) believes are sufficient to support a claim against another person, persons, entity or entities (the defendants) that entitles the plaintiff(s) to a remedy (either money damages or injunctive relief). For example, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure that govern civil litigation in United States courts provide that a civil action is commenced with the filing or service of a pleading called a complaint. Civil court rules in states that have incorporated the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure use the same term for the same pleading.
In some jurisdictions, certain types of criminal cases may also be commenced by the filing of a complaint, also sometimes called a criminal complaint or felony complaint. All criminal cases are prosecuted in the name of the governmental authority that promulgates criminal statutes and enforces the police power of the state with the goal of seeking criminal sanctions, such as the State (also sometimes called the People) or Crown (in Commonwealth Realms). In the United States, the complaint is often associated with misdemeanor criminal charges presented by the prosecutor without the grand jury process. In most U.S. jurisdictions, the charging instrument presented to and authorized by a grand jury is referred to as an indictment.
In many U.S. jurisdictions, a complaint submitted to a court must be accompanied by a Case Information Statement, which sets forth certain key information about the case and the lawyers representing the parties. This allows the judge to make determinations about which deadlines to set for different phases of the case, as it moves through the court system.
In certain countries, (for example the UK and many countries of the European Community), the making of consumer complaints, particularly regarding the sale of financial services, is governed by statute. The statutory authority may require companies to reply to complaints within set time limits, publish written procedures for handling customer dissatisfaction and provide information about arbitration schemes.
complaint in German: Strafantrag
complaint in Spanish: Demanda
complaint in Korean: 진정서 (법)
complaint in Japanese: クレーム
complaint in Polish: Skarga
complaint in Serbian: Жалба
complaint in Ukrainian: Скарга

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abnormality, accusal, accusation, accusing, acute disease, affection, affidavit, affliction, ailment, allegation, allegement, allergic disease, allergy, arraignment, atrophy, bacterial disease, ban, beef, beefing, bellyache, bellyaching, bill, bill of complaint, bill of particulars, birth defect, bitch, bitching, blackball, blackballing, blame, blight, boycott, bringing of charges, bringing to book, cardiovascular disease, challenge, charge, chronic disease, circulatory disease, claim, combative reaction, complaining, complication, compunction, condition, congenital defect, count, counteraction, declaration, defect, defiance, deficiency disease, deformity, degenerative disease, delation, demonstration, demur, demurrer, denouncement, denunciation, deposition, destructive criticism, dim view, disability, disagreement, disappointment, disapprobation, disapproval, discontent, discontentedness, discontentment, disease, disenchantment, disesteem, disfavor, disgruntlement, disillusion, disillusionment, disorder, displeasure, dispute, disrespect, dissatisfaction, dissent, dissentience, distaste, distemper, endemic, endemic disease, endocrine disease, epidemic disease, exception, exclusion, expostulation, faultfinding, fractiousness, functional disease, fungus disease, gastrointestinal disease, genetic disease, grievance, grievance committee, gripe, griping, groan, groaning, grouse, grousing, grumble, grumbling, handicap, hereditary disease, holler, howl, iatrogenic disease, ill, illness, impeachment, implication, imputation, indictment, indignation, indignation meeting, indisposition, infectious disease, infirmity, information, innuendo, insinuation, kick, kicking, lawsuit, laying of charges, libel, low estimation, low opinion, malady, malaise, march, morbidity, morbus, murmuring, muscular disease, narratio, negativism, neurological disease, nolle prosequi, noncooperation, nonsuit, nonviolent protest, nutritional disease, objection, obstinacy, occupational disease, opposition, opposure, organic disease, ostracism, pandemic disease, passive resistance, pathological condition, pathology, peeve, peevishness, pet peeve, petulance, picketing, plaint, plant disease, prosecution, protest, protest demonstration, protestation, protozoan disease, psychosomatic disease, qualm, querulousness, rally, reaction, rebuff, recalcitrance, recalcitrancy, recalcitration, refractoriness, rejection, reluctance, remonstrance, remonstration, renitence, renitency, repellence, repellency, reproach, repulse, repulsion, resistance, respiratory disease, revolt, rockiness, scolding, scruple, secondary disease, seediness, sickishness, sickness, signs, sit-in, sniping, squawk, squawking, stand, statement, statement of facts, strike, suit, symptomatology, symptomology, symptoms, syndrome, taxing, teach-in, the pip, thumbs-down, true bill, uncooperativeness, unhappiness, unspoken accusation, urogenital disease, veiled accusation, virus disease, wasting disease, whining, withstanding, worm disease, yapping
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